An Overview of the Use of Chatbots in Medical and Healthcare Education

Chatbots are becoming a trend in many fields such as medical, service industry and more recently in education. Especially in healthcare education, there is a growing interest in integrating chatbots in the learning and teaching processes mostly because of their portability and affordance. In this paper, we seek to explore the primary uses of chatbots in medical education, as well as how they are developed. We elaborate on current chatbot applications and research enacted in the domains of medical and healthcare education, We focus in the areas of virtual patients in medical education, patients’ education related to healthcare matters but also chatbots as course assistance in for enhancing healthcare professionals’ curricula. Additionally, we examine the metrics that have been used to evaluate these chatbots, which include subjective ones like the usability and acceptability by the users, and objectives ones, like their accuracy and users’ skills evaluation. Overall, even though chatbots offer a flexible solution and a vast possibility to improve healthcare education, our literature review suggests that their efficacy has not been thoroughly tested. Also, limited examples of chatbots in European Healthcare curricula have been found. These call of the need for further research towards this direction.

About Edubots
Edubots is an ongoing Erasmus+ Knowledge Alliance, funded by the European Commission for 2020-2021. The aim is to document and develop best practice use of chatbots in Higher Education, and to create a learning community of Educators in Europe.

Consortium partners

The project was initiated by 6 partners from Norway, Sweden, UK, Croatia, Cyprus and Spain.

EDUBOTS - Best Practices of Pedagogical Chatbots in Higher Education
Reference Number: 612466-EPP-1-2019-1-NO-EPPKA2-KA

Consortium leader
EdTech Foundry AS
Hoffsveien 6a
0275 Oslo
Organizational number: 998 716 454
Project Manager: Gregor Jarisch  ( send email )